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14, Beibitshilik str. Astana,
Republic of Kazakhstan
Tel.:   8 (7172) 28-06-01 
          8 (7172) 28-06-02           
          8 (7172) 28-06-03 
Fax:   8 (7172) 76-80-32.

Ecological maintenance

In addition to the requirements of the Environmental Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, when implementing a set of measures to explore the possibility of opening a new impact area in the Dzhangeldinsky district, it is necessary to take into account the presence in Dzhangeldinsky region of unique natural areas and zones with a unique flora and fauna.

         For this purpose, detailed and extensive information on the state of the flora and fauna of the region is being collected, which will be used to analyze the factors that can have the most negative impact and damage to the ecosystem. The given analysis will allow carrying out qualitative working out of actions on decrease and neutralization of harmful influence which will be realized at realization of starting activity. To carry out this work, specialists of a narrow profile who are well acquainted with the local region are involved and can provide the expanded filling of the section with the necessary specialized information that is not available in the publicly available sources - the Kazakhstan Association for Biodiversity Conservation. In the future, the results of the analysis will be used as a basis for detailed elaboration of the sections in the documentation on the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in the implementation of launches (developed based on the requirements of the Environmental Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan) on the unique flora and fauna of the region, including the availability factor in the region Saigas and rare species of birds. The specified EIA documentation will be presented publicly at public hearings in Dzhangeldinsky district and sent to the State Environmental Expertise to the authorized state body. Thus, detailed information on the unique biodiversity of the region will not only be collected, systematized with the involvement of specialized specialists, but also taken into account when working out the necessary measures that compensate for the possible negative impact from the start-up activities. Moreover, these materials will be guaranteed to be taken into account in documents developed in accordance with the Legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and will undergo the necessary expertise in the authorized state body.

 State natural reserve "Altyn Dala"

          In order to preserve the unique steppe ecosystems of Central Kazakhstan, the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, dated November 26, 2012 No. 1496, established the state natural reserve "Altyn Dala" on a total area of ​​489.7 thousand hectares. This is a specially protected natural area with the status of a legal entity, established by the Forestry and Hunting Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan within the framework of the implementation of the Zhasyl Damu branch program for 2010-2014. Today, the steppes are the least protected type of ecosystem in Kazakhstan; they are extremely underrepresented in the system of protected areas of the republic. Thus, 26 of  main specially protected natural areas with their own protection staff, zonal steppe ecosystems are protected in six, and in none of them is the only, or at least the most important, object of protection. This is the Irgiz-Turgai nature reserve (the subzone of desert steppes in the semi-desert), the Korgalzhyn reserve (dry steppe and desert-steppe subzone), the Naurzum reserve (dry steppe subzone), the national parks Bayanaul (meadow-steppe lowlands in the subzone of these steppes), Buyratau (Dry steppe subzone) and Karkaralinsk (meadow-steppe low mountains in the dry steppe subzone).

         The natural reserve "Altyn Dala" is located in the closed river basin of the Turgai and Uly-Zhylanshik rivers. This is an important territory for the conservation of biodiversity of the desert steppes and northern deserts of Central Kazakhstan. The reserve covers key habitats, concentrations, wintering and migration routes of the largest in the country Betpak-Dala saiga population. An unique, the largest in the region system of freshwater lakes Sarykopa, recognized as a key ornithological territory, also entered its borders. In order to create such a large new specially protected natural area in Kazakhstan, it took the efforts of many people and organizations that have done a great job. For the first time, the creation of this reserve as a key element of the eco-network of the steppe and semi-desert zones of Kazakhstan was proposed in 2005 within the framework of the international environmental initiative "Altyn Dala" (ADCI) initiated by the Forestry and Hunting Committee of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan (Association For Biodiversity Conservation of Kazakhstan, now - Kazakhstan Association for Biodiversity Conservation). The initiative was supported by international organizations - the Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS, Germany), the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB, UK). Within the framework of the initiative in 2007 in the Kostanay region, Kazakhstan Association for Biodiversity Conservation organized a complex scientific expedition under the leadership of Dr.Sc. T.M. Bragin, the result of which was the preparation of the scientific substantiation of the reserve. With the support of the same organizations, feasibility study was prepared in 2009, commissioned by Kazakhstan Association for Biodiversity Conservation. With the support of the same organizations, a feasibility study was prepared in 2009, commissioned by Kazakhstan Association for Biodiversity Conservation. Further work on coordinating the boundaries of the reserve and carrying out the necessary work for the adoption of the governmental decision was continued within the framework of the project of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan / GEF / UNDP  "Conservation and sustainable management of steppe ecosystems". During this time, a number of meetings, negotiations with the leadership and the population of the Amangeldinsky and Dzhangeldinsky districts of the Kostanay region were held. It was possible to remove all arising disputable questions on the boundaries of the reserve and land use. After that, the budget of the republic included and approved funding for the maintenance and material and technical equipment of the new environmental institution. But its timely organization was delayed due to the moratorium announced by the Government of the country in early 2012 to increase the number of government employees (as a measure to combat the financial crisis). Successful completion of the reserve was made possible by the persistent and coordinated work of the Forestry and Hunting Committee and the UNDP Project with key state bodies at the level of the Prime Minister's Office, the presidential administration and the Parliament of the country.

         As a result, in September 2012, the Head of State approved the staff of the “Altyn Dala” Reserve in the amount of 112 units, and in November a corresponding government decree was signed. The territory of the reserve is located in Dzhangeldinskynsky and Amangeldy districts of Kostanay region. The territory of the reserve consists of three cluster sites: the Uly-Zhilanshik area (341.67 thousand hectares) of the reserve preserves virgin feather grass and fescue dry and deserted steppes, which are replaced by grass-steppe desert steppes to the south. To this site the main sites of lambing and the lemonade of the Betpak-dala saiga population are confined. The site is important for the conservation and restoration of the birds of the steppe faunal complex, including bustard and strepet. The Tossynkum site (95,981 ha) includes the north-eastern part of the Tossynkum sands massif. Here, northern sandy deserts and psammophytic deserted steppes are developed, and in the depressions between the sandy hillocks - tree and shrub vegetation close to tugai communities (Loch, Willow, Chingil, comber and characteristic tugai poplar - Turanga on the northern border of its range). The site is also important for the saiga, and the spills of the river Kabyrga and lakes are of great importance as nesting places and migratory stops of water and water birds. The Sarykopinsky site (52,115 thousand hectares) completely covers the Sarykopinsky system of lakes, which is included in the list of key ornithological territories. In the period of seasonal migrations and moulting, tens of thousands of wetland and waterbirds are gathered here. This is an important nesting place for more than 20 rare species of birds, such as pelicans, ducks, white-eyed ducks, and a number of steppe species - such as falcon, little bustard, belladonna, burial mound, steppe moose, steppe kestrel, etc. Until the 1990s, here is remained one of the few nesting places of Bustard. The reserve flora contains 370 species of higher plants, including 26 species of various rarity categories, including the Red Data Book - five, relic - six, endemic and subendemic - five, rare species at the border of the range - seven, other rare in need of regional protection - three species. Here are represented plant communities that are not found anywhere in the world, except for the territory of Kazakhstan: Lerhopolina-typhic and thin-wormwood-steppe steppes (the first on the eastern, the second on the western border of the range), the epicenter-sand-ovoid psammophytic steppes, and rare communities on the northern The edge of its range is the turangian groves (the Tossynkum area) and the fur communities in the sands (Tossynkum and Uly-Zhilanshik-Akkum). Fauna of vertebrate animals includes 57 species of mammals, 275 species of birds, 11 species of reptiles, 4 species of amphibians and 9 species of fish.

         The reserve area was chosen as a pilot site for the forthcoming implementation of the Przewalski Horse Reintroduction Program, which had previously disappeared in Kazakhstan in the wild, and was represented only by a few individuals half-housed in the state national nature park Altyn-Emel, and also to expand the reintroduction work Kulan, which are still being conducted only in the southern half of the country.